Xylitol and Dogs from Animal Health Care of Marlboro NJ


Xylitol and Dogs

Oct 26

Categories: Blog, Xylitol

The information below is from Wikipedia.  If you want to learn more about the risks of Xylitol for your dog, please contact us or read more at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xylitol#In_dogs Xylitol is a sugar alcohol used as a sweetener. The name derives from Greek: ξύλονxyl[on], "wood" + suffix -itol, used to denote sugar alcohols. Xylitol is categorized as a polyalcohol or sugar alcohol (alditol).  It is naturally found in low concentrations in the fibers of many fruits and vegetables, can be extracted from various berries, oats, and mushrooms, and can be produced by the action of yeast on the xylose contained in fibrous material such as corn husks and sugar cane bagasse. However, industrial production starts from xylan (a hemicellulose) extracted from hardwoods or corncobs, which is hydrolyzed into xylose and catalytically hydrogenated . In some individuals, consumption is limited by gastrointestinal issues, including flatulence, osmotic diarrhea, and irritable bowel syndrome. However, for many, the side effects are negligible. In one study, subjects consumed an average of 3.3 lbs (1.5 kg) per month, with a maximum daily intake of over 400 grams without any negative effects.. In pets, it can be extremely harmful and even deadly! Xylitol and Dogs Xylitol is often fatal to dogs. According to the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center, the number of cases of xylitol toxicosis in dogs has significantly increased since the first reports in 2002. Dogs that have eaten foods containing xylitol (greater than 100 milligrams of xylitol consumed per kilogram of bodyweight) have presented with low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), which can be life-threatening.  Low blood sugar can result in a loss of coordination, depression, collapse and seizures in as little as 30 minutes.  Intake of doses  (greater than 500 – 1000 mg/kg bwt) has been implicated in liver failure in dogs, which can be fatal. Wild Birds Thirty Cape sugarbirds died within 30 minutes of drinking a solution made with xylitol from a feeder in a garden in Hermanus, South Africa. It is suspected that it triggered a massive insulin release, causing an irreversible drop in blood sugar. [caption id="attachment_1064" align="alignleft" width="250"]xylitol Xylitol Crystal[/caption]